The Dream of Enlightenment The Rise of Modern Philosophy

The Dream of Enlightenment  The Rise of Modern Philosophy
Author by: Anthony Gottlieb
Release: 2016-08-30
Editor: W. W. Norton & Company
Pages: 384
ISBN: 9781631492082
Language: un
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SUMMARY:

Anthony Gottlieb’s landmark The Dream of Reason and its sequel challenge Bertrand Russell’s classic as the definitive history of Western philosophy. Western philosophy is now two and a half millennia old, but much of it came in just two staccato bursts, each lasting only about 150 years. In his landmark survey of Western philosophy from the Greeks to the Renaissance, The Dream of Reason, Anthony Gottlieb documented the first burst, which came in the Athens of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. Now, in his sequel, The Dream of Enlightenment, Gottlieb expertly navigates a second great explosion of thought, taking us to northern Europe in the wake of its wars of religion and the rise of Galilean science. In a relatively short period—from the early 1640s to the eve of the French Revolution—Descartes, Hobbes, Spinoza, Locke, Leibniz, and Hume all made their mark. The Dream of Enlightenment tells their story and that of the birth of modern philosophy. As Gottlieb explains, all these men were amateurs: none had much to do with any university. They tried to fathom the implications of the new science and of religious upheaval, which led them to question traditional teachings and attitudes. What does the advance of science entail for our understanding of ourselves and for our ideas of God? How should a government deal with religious diversity—and what, actually, is government for? Such questions remain our questions, which is why Descartes, Hobbes, and the others are still pondered today. Yet it is because we still want to hear them that we can easily get these philosophers wrong. It is tempting to think they speak our language and live in our world; but to understand them properly, we must step back into their shoes. Gottlieb puts readers in the minds of these frequently misinterpreted figures, elucidating the history of their times and the development of scientific ideas while engagingly explaining their arguments and assessing their legacy in lively prose. With chapters focusing on Descartes, Hobbes, Spinoza, Locke, Pierre Bayle, Leibniz, Hume, Rousseau, and Voltaire—and many walk-on parts—The Dream of Enlightenment creates a sweeping account of what the Enlightenment amounted to, and why we are still in its debt.

The Dream of Enlightenment

The Dream of Enlightenment
Author by: Anthony Gottlieb
Release: 2016-08-30
Editor: Penguin UK
Pages: 320
ISBN: 9780141944395
Language: en
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SUMMARY:

'This is a blast of fresh air' Jonathan Clark, TLS 'Thank goodness for Gottlieb' Daily Telegraph 'A joy to read' Economist The author of the celebrated The Dream of Reason vividly explains the rise of modern thought from Descartes to Rousseau Western philosophy is now two and a half millennia old, but much of it came in just two staccato bursts, each lasting only about 150 years. In his landmark survey of Western philosophy from the Greeks to the Renaissance, The Dream of Reason, Anthony Gottlieb documented the first of these, which came in the Athens of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. Now, in The Dream of Enlightenment, Gottlieb expertly navigates the second great explosion of thought, taking us to northern Europe in the wake of its wars of religion and the rise of Galilean science. In a relatively short period - from the early 1640s to the eve of the French Revolution - Descartes, Hobbes, Spinoza, Locke, Leibniz, and Hume all made their mark. The Dream of Enlightenment tells their story and that of the birth of modern philosophy. As Gottlieb explains, all these men were amateurs: none had much to do with any university. They tried to fathom the implications of the new science and of religious upheaval, which led them to question traditional teachings and attitudes. What does the advance of science entail for our understanding of ourselves and for our ideas of God? How should a government deal with religious diversity - and what is government actually for? Such questions remain our questions. Yet it is because we still want to hear them that we can easily get these philosophers wrong. It is tempting to think they speak our language and live in our world; but to understand them properly, we must step back into their shoes. Gottlieb puts readers in the minds of these frequently misinterpreted figures, elucidating the history of their times while engagingly explaining their arguments and assessing their legacy. The Dream of Enlightenment creates a sweeping account of what they amounted to, and why we are still in their debt.

The Dream of Reason A History of Philosophy from the Greeks to the Renaissance

The Dream of Reason  A History of Philosophy from the Greeks to the Renaissance
Author by: Anthony Gottlieb
Release: 2010-10-25
Editor: W. W. Norton & Company
Pages: 480
ISBN: 0393339637
Language: en
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SUMMARY:

"His book...supplant[s] all others, even the immensely successful History of Western Philosophy by Bertrand Russell."—A. C. Grayling Already a classic in its first year of publication, this landmark study of Western thought takes a fresh look at the writings of the great thinkers of classic philosophy and questions many pieces of conventional wisdom. The book invites comparison with Bertrand Russell's monumental History of Western Philosophy, "but Gottlieb's book is less idiosyncratic and based on more recent scholarship" (Colin McGinn, Los Angeles Times). A New York Times Notable Book, a Los Angeles Times Best Book, and a Times Literary Supplement Best Book of 2001.

Fictions of Enlightenment

Fictions of Enlightenment
Author by: Qiancheng Li
Release: 2003-12-31
Editor: University of Hawaii Press
Pages: 264
ISBN: 0824825977
Language: en
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SUMMARY:

Fictions of Enlightenment is the first book to examine the fascinating and intricate relationship between Buddhism and the development of Chinese vernacular fiction. Qiancheng Li brings Buddhist models to bear on the vision, structure, and narrative form of three classics of late imperial literature—Journey to the West, Tower of Myriad Mirrors, and Dream of the Red Chamber—arguing that by fashioning their plots after the narratives of certain Mahāyāna sutras, the novelists transformed Buddhist concepts into narrative structures. Within the traditional Chinese novel Li even defines a new genre: the fiction of enlightenment.

Spiritual Enlightenment The Damnedest Thing

Spiritual Enlightenment   The Damnedest Thing
Author by: Jed McKenna
Release: 2009-11-25
Editor: Wisefool Press
Pages: 329
ISBN: 9780980184822
Language: en
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SUMMARY:

A MASTERPIECE of illuminative writing, Spiritual Enlightenment: The Damnedest Thing is mandatory reading for anyone following a spiritual path. Part exposé and part how-to manual, this is the first book to explain why failure seems to be the rule in the search for enlightenment, and how the rule can be broken. :: Book One of Jed McKenna's Enlightenment Trilogy. Contains Bonus Material.

Dream Nation

Dream Nation
Author by: Stathis Gourgouris
Release: 1996
Editor: Unknown
Pages: 303
ISBN: 0804727252
Language: en
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SUMMARY:

Against the backdrop of ever-increasing nationalist violence during the last decade of the twentieth century, this book challenges standard analyses of nation formation by elaborating on the nation’s dream-like hold over the modern social imagination. The author argues that the national fantasy lies at the core of the Enlightenment imaginary, embodying its central paradox: the intertwining of anthropological universality with the primacy of a cultural ideal. Crucial to the operation of this paradox and fundamental in its ambiguity is the figure of Greece, the universal alibi and cultural predicate behind national-cultural consolidation throughout colonialist Europe. The largely unpredictable institution of a modern Greek nation in 1830 undoes the interweaving of Enlightenment and Philhellenism, whose centrifugal strands continue to unravel the certainty of European history, down to the current internal predicaments of the European Community or the tragedy of the Balkan conflicts.

The Enlightenment

The Enlightenment
Author by: Anthony Pagden
Release: 2013-05-23
Editor: Oxford University Press
Pages: 436
ISBN: 9780199660933
Language: en
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SUMMARY:

This book tells nothing less than the story of how the modern, Western view of the world was born. Cultural and intellectual historian Anthony Pagden explains how, and why, the ideal of a universal, global, and cosmopolitan society became such a central part of the Western imagination in the ferment of the Enlightenment - and how these ideas have done battle with an inward-looking, tradition-oriented view of the world ever since. Cosmopolitanism is an ancient creed; but in its modern form it was a creature of the Enlightenment attempt to create a new 'science of man', based upon a vision of humanity made up of autonomous individuals, free from all the constraints imposed by custom, prejudice, and religion. As Pagden shows, this 'new science' was based not simply on 'cold, calculating reason', as its critics claimed, but on the argument that all humans are linked by what in the Enlightenment were called 'sympathetic' attachments. The conclusion was that despite the many tribes and nations into which humanity was divided there was only one 'human nature', and that the final destiny of the species could only be the creation of one universal, cosmopolitan society. This new 'human science' provided the philosophical grounding of the modern world. It has been the inspiration behind the League of Nations, the United Nations and the European Union. Without it, international law, global justice, and human rights legislation would be unthinkable. As Anthony Pagden argues passionately and persuasively in this book, it is a legacy well worth preserving - and one that might yet come to inherit the earth.

The Power of Now

The Power of Now
Author by: Eckhart Tolle
Release: 2010-10-06
Editor: New World Library
Pages: 256
ISBN: 9781577313113
Language: en
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SUMMARY:

To make the journey into the Now we will need to leave our analytical mind and its false created self, the ego, behind. From the very first page of Eckhart Tolle's extraordinary book, we move rapidly into a significantly higher altitude where we breathe a lighter air. We become connected to the indestructible essence of our Being, “The eternal, ever present One Life beyond the myriad forms of life that are subject to birth and death.” Although the journey is challenging, Eckhart Tolle uses simple language and an easy question and answer format to guide us. A word of mouth phenomenon since its first publication, The Power of Now is one of those rare books with the power to create an experience in readers, one that can radically change their lives for the better.

Tibetan Dream Yoga

Tibetan Dream Yoga
Author by: Michael Katz
Release: 2021
Editor: Michael Katz
Pages: 329
ISBN: 9780975514047
Language: en
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SUMMARY:

In the modern era Sigmund Freud observed that the most common dreams are typically the product of our anxieties and preoccupations. The prevalence of common dreams has spawned mechanistic type theories by contemporary scientists hypothesizing the inconsequentiality of all dreams. In this book I have attempted to balance the slate by consolidating information as to the function and meaning of dreams, and the transcendent possibilities they represent. In contrast to the aforementioned quasi scientific theories, rich Dream Yoga traditions attribute mystical and trans-personal value to some classes of dreams. Tibetan Buddhist Dream Yoga masters, along with teachers from other traditional cultures, recognizes that, while it is true that many dreams are relatively inconsequential in regards to content, some dreams have great significance.

Enlightenment Now

Enlightenment Now
Author by: Steven Pinker
Release: 2018-02-13
Editor: Penguin
Pages: 576
ISBN: 9780698177888
Language: en
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SUMMARY:

INSTANT NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER A NEW YORK TIMES NOTABLE BOOK OF 2018 ONE OF THE ECONOMIST'S BOOKS OF THE YEAR "My new favorite book of all time." --Bill Gates If you think the world is coming to an end, think again: people are living longer, healthier, freer, and happier lives, and while our problems are formidable, the solutions lie in the Enlightenment ideal of using reason and science. Is the world really falling apart? Is the ideal of progress obsolete? In this elegant assessment of the human condition in the third millennium, cognitive scientist and public intellectual Steven Pinker urges us to step back from the gory headlines and prophecies of doom, which play to our psychological biases. Instead, follow the data: In seventy-five jaw-dropping graphs, Pinker shows that life, health, prosperity, safety, peace, knowledge, and happiness are on the rise, not just in the West, but worldwide. This progress is not the result of some cosmic force. It is a gift of the Enlightenment: the conviction that reason and science can enhance human flourishing. Far from being a naïve hope, the Enlightenment, we now know, has worked. But more than ever, it needs a vigorous defense. The Enlightenment project swims against currents of human nature--tribalism, authoritarianism, demonization, magical thinking--which demagogues are all too willing to exploit. Many commentators, committed to political, religious, or romantic ideologies, fight a rearguard action against it. The result is a corrosive fatalism and a willingness to wreck the precious institutions of liberal democracy and global cooperation. With intellectual depth and literary flair, Enlightenment Now makes the case for reason, science, and humanism: the ideals we need to confront our problems and continue our progress.

The Curious Enlightenment of Professor Caritat

The Curious Enlightenment of Professor Caritat
Author by: Steven Lukes
Release: 1996
Editor: Verso
Pages: 261
ISBN: 1859840736
Language: en
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SUMMARY:

By turns witty and profound, The Curious Enlightenment of Professor Caritat is a novel in the spirit of Gulliver's Travels or Animal Farm. Telling the story of the travels of a Professor Caritat, who is in search of the perfect world, Steven Lukes us on an irreverent romp through the history of western political philosophy. Doing for that discipline what Sophie's World did for philosophy in general, The Curious Enlightenment of Professor Caritat is both a refreshing humorous introduction to the clasing ideologies of our time, and a passionate defence of the much-abused Enlightenment and its core values of reason, freedom and tolerance.

The Enlightenment

The Enlightenment
Author by: Ritchie Robertson
Release: 2020-11-05
Editor: Penguin UK
Pages: 1008
ISBN: 9780241004838
Language: en
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SUMMARY:

The Enlightenment is one of the formative periods of Western history, yet more than 300 years after it began, it remains controversial. It is often seen as the fountainhead of modern values such as human rights, religious toleration, freedom of thought, scientific thought as an exemplary form of reasoning, and rationality and evidence-based argument. Others accuse the Enlightenment of putting forward a scientific rationality which ignores the complexity and variety of human beings, propagates shallow atheism, and aims to subjugate nature to so-called technical progress. Answering the question 'what is Enlightenment?' Kant famously urged men and women above all to 'have the courage to use your own understanding'. Robertson shows how the thinkers of the Enlightenment did just that, seeking a rounded understanding of humanity in which reason was balanced with emotion and sensibility. His book goes behind the controversies about the Enlightenment to return to its original texts and to show that above all it sought to increase human happiness in this world by promoting scientific inquiry and reasoned argument. His book overturns many received opinions - for example, that enlightenment necessarily implied hostility to religion (though it did challenge the authority traditionally assumed by the Churches). It is a master-class in 'big picture' history, about one of the foundational epochs of modern times.

The Tibetan Book of the Dead

The Tibetan Book of the Dead
Author by: W. Y. Evans-Wentz
Release: 2000-09-28
Editor: Oxford University Press
Pages: 354
ISBN: 9780199839513
Language: en
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SUMMARY:

The Tibetan Book of the Dead is one of the texts that, according to legend, Padma-Sambhava was compelled to hide during his visit to Tibet in the late 8th century. The guru hid his books in stones, lakes, and pillars because the Tibetans of that day and age were somehow unprepared for their teachings. Now, in the form of the ever-popular Tibetan Book of the Dead, these teachings are constantly being discovered and rediscovered by Western readers of many different backgrounds--a phenomenon which began in 1927 with Oxford's first edition of Dr. Evans-Wentz's landmark volume. While it is traditionally used as a mortuary text, to be read or recited in the presence of a dead or dying person, this book--which relates the whole experience of death and rebirth in three intermediate states of being--was originally understood as a guide not only for the dead but also for the living. As a contribution to the science of death and dying--not to mention the belief in life after death, or the belief in rebirth--The Tibetan Book of the Dead is unique among the sacred texts of the world, for its socio-cultural influence in this regard is without comparison. This fourth edition features a new foreword, afterword, and suggested further reading list by Donald S. Lopez, author of Prisoners of Shangri-La: Tibetan Buddhism and the West. Lopez traces the whole history of the late Evans-Wentz's three earlier editions of this book, fully considering the work of contributors to previous editions (C. G. Jung among them), the sections that were added by Evans-Wentz along the way, the questions surrounding the book's translation, and finally the volume's profound importance in engendering both popular and academic interest in the religion and culture of Tibet. Another key theme that Lopez addresses is the changing nature of this book's audience--from the prewar theosophists to the beat poets to the hippies to contemporary exponents of the hospice movement--and what these audiences have found (or sought) in its very old pages.

The Islamic Enlightenment

The Islamic Enlightenment
Author by: Christopher de Bellaigue
Release: 2017-02-23
Editor: Random House
Pages: 448
ISBN: 9781448139675
Language: en
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SUMMARY:

SHORTLISTED FOR THE BAILLIE GIFFORD PRIZE 2017 'An eye-opening, well-written and very timely book' Yuval Noah Harari 'The best sort of book for our disordered days: timely, urgent and illuminating' Pankaj Mishra 'It strikes a blow...for common humanity' Sunday Times The Muslim world has often been accused of a failure to modernise and adapt. Yet in this sweeping narrative and provocative retelling of modern history, Christopher de Bellaigue charts the forgotten story of the Islamic Enlightenment – the social movements, reforms and revolutions that transfigured the Middle East from the early nineteenth century to the present day. Modern ideals and practices were embraced across the region, including the adoption of modern medicine, the emergence of women from purdah and the development of democracy. The Islamic Enlightenment looks behind the sensationalist headlines in order to foster a genuine understanding of Islam and its relationship to the West. It is essential reading for anyone engaged in the state of the world today.

I Got My Dream Job and So Can You

I Got My Dream Job and So Can You
Author by: Pete Leibman
Release: 2012-03-01
Editor: AMACOM
Pages: 256
ISBN: 9780814420218
Language: en
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SUMMARY:

When he was only 21 years old, Pete Leibman landed his dream job working in the front office of the NBA’s Washington Wizards. He went on to become their number one salesperson for three straight seasons and was promoted to management in under two years. In this encouraging guidebook, Leibman shares his proven and simple system for career success. You’ll learn how to: think big and identify what you want from your career; network your way past corporate gatekeepers; impress highly influential people in any field; land interviews for jobs that aren’t posted; sell yourself on paper, online, and in person; and get hired faster and with less effort. Filled with the inspiring success stories of other young professionals, creative strategies for leveraging social media, and the five secrets that will skyrocket your earning potential once you are hired, I Got My Dream Job and So Can You provides you with the tools and confidence to overcome the discouraging job marketing and start climbing the ladder to success.

Waking from the Dream

Waking from the Dream
Author by: Detong ChoYin
Release: 1996
Editor: Tuttle Publishing
Pages: 195
ISBN: 0804830843
Language: en
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SUMMARY:

Waking from the Dream presents a very precise view of the Buddhist path to enlightenment. It offers profound insights into the complex concepts that are not easily definable, such as suffering, self, mind, reality, and truth. Writing with the highest level of realization, the author attempts to anticipate and answer the many questions that will arise as one begins practicing Buddhism and starts down the path to enlightenment.

The Teachings of Don Juan

The Teachings of Don Juan
Author by: Carlos Castaneda
Release: 2008
Editor: Univ of California Press
Pages: 210
ISBN: 0520256468
Language: en
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SUMMARY:

The New Enlightenment and the Fight to Free Knowledge

The New Enlightenment and the Fight to Free Knowledge
Author by: Peter B. Kaufman
Release: 2021-02-23
Editor: Seven Stories Press
Pages: 256
ISBN: 9781644210611
Language: en
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SUMMARY:

How do we create a universe of truthful and verifiable information, available to everyone? In The New Enlightenment and the Fight to Free Knowledge, MIT Open Learning’s Peter B. Kaufman describes the powerful forces that have purposely crippled our efforts to share knowledge widely and freely. Popes and their inquisitors, emperors and their hangmen, commissars and their secret police—throughout history, all have sought to stanch the free flow of information. Kaufman writes of times when the Bible could not be translated—you’d be burned for trying; when dictionaries and encyclopedias were forbidden; when literature and science and history books were trashed and pulped—sometimes along with their authors; and when efforts to develop public television and radio networks were quashed by private industry. In the 21st century, the enemies of free thought have taken on new and different guises—giant corporate behemoths, sprawling national security agencies, gutted regulatory commissions. Bereft of any real moral compass or sense of social responsibility, their work to surveil and control us are no less nefarious than their 16th- and 18th- and 20th- century predecessors. They are all part of what Kaufman calls the Monsterverse. The New Enlightenment and the Fight to Free Knowledge maps out the opportunities to mobilize for the fight ahead of us. With the Internet and other means of media production and distribution—video especially—at hand, knowledge institutions like universities, libraries, museums, and archives have a special responsibility now to counter misinformation, disinformation, and fake news—and especially efforts to control the free flow of information. A film and video producer and former book publisher, Kaufman begins to draft a new social contract for our networked video age. He draws his inspiration from those who fought tooth and nail against earlier incarnations of the Monsterverse—including William Tyndale in the 16th century; Denis Diderot in the 18th; untold numbers of Soviet and Central and East European dissidents in the 20th—many of whom paid the ultimate price. Their successors? Advocates of free knowledge like Aaron Swartz, of free software like Richard Stallman, of an enlightened public television and radio network like James Killian, of a freer Internet like Tim Berners-Lee, of fuller rights and freedoms like Edward Snowden. All have been striving to secure for us a better world, marked by the right balance between state, society, and private gain. The concluding section of the book, its largest piece, builds on their work, drawing up a progressive agenda for how today’s free thinkers can band together now to fight and win. With everything shut and everyone going online, The New Enlightenment and the Fight to Free Knowledge is a rousing call to action that expands the definition of what it means to be a citizen in the 21st century.

An Answer to the Question What is Enlightenment

An Answer to the Question   What is Enlightenment
Author by: Immanuel Kant
Release: 2013-09-26
Editor: Penguin UK
Pages: 144
ISBN: 9780141957739
Language: en
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SUMMARY:

Immanuel Kant was one of the most influential philosophers in the whole of Europe, who changed Western thought with his examinations of reason and the nature of reality. In these writings he investigates human progress, civilization, morality and why, to be truly enlightened, we must all have the freedom and courage to use our own intellect. Throughout history, some books have changed the world. They have transformed the way we see ourselves - and each other. They have inspired debate, dissent, war and revolution. They have enlightened, outraged, provoked and comforted. They have enriched lives - and destroyed them. Now Penguin brings you the works of the great thinkers, pioneers, radicals and visionaries whose ideas shook civilization and helped make us who we are.

Akashic Enlightenment Akashic Records Book of Truth for Divine Knowledge Healing Ascension

Akashic Enlightenment Akashic Records   Book of Truth for Divine Knowledge  Healing    Ascension
Author by: Sherry Mosley MSOM CSP
Release: 2018-05-25
Editor: Balboa Press
Pages: 154
ISBN: 9781504397698
Language: en
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SUMMARY:

What is Ascension and self awareness? What are the Akashic Records? What is the Book of Truth? Who are the Council of Light? What is Light Language? Why am I here? What is my soul’s path? What am I supposed to be doing, my purpose? Why does this type of situation keep happening? Why do I feel so drawn to this particular person? We all find ourselves asking at least some of these questions lately, or at some point in our life, wishing and hoping for divine guidance to just help us in these confusing times. The good news is we are not alone and there is a plan and there are ways to get this. It is your soul’s plan that you came into this life and into soul incarnation with. Your Akashic Records have the blueprint to your soul’s plan, the Book of Truth is the gateway out of the illusion of the dream world we’ve been told is the “real world”, and Akashic Enlightenment is the key and gateway to both leading you to your highest true soul self and a life of joy, abundance, freedom, peace and love. Through your own Akashic Records and the Book of Truth via Akashic Enlightenment you will be shown the divine wisdom and knowledge of your past, present, and future lives, alignment with your true soul self and the true laws of the universe as created by Creator / Source / God / All That Is outside of any illusory realities created by you or society. You will be helped to better understand and become self aware of who you really are as your highest true soul self and how your soul is experiencing the Ascension, or self awareness unveiling, underway at this time. You will clear old energy and/or thought patterns, stepping out of fears, traumas, and anxieties on all levels helping you move along and follow your soul’s path of higher awareness. Ultimately, strengthening your soul alignment to be and maintain your highest true self as this is truly the greatest service you can do for yourself and thus for anyone or anything else. Focus on your own self alignment and change your world and life forever! Get started and dive deep into your inner spiritual journey back to your True Self now! (A recommended practice for A Course In Miracles students as a way of receiving personalized and in the moment lessons and guidance on your current situations and current growth areas beyond completing ACIM.)