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|Author by||: Samantha Adams,Nadezhda Purtova,Ronald Leenes|
The essays in this book clarify the technical, legal, ethical, and social aspects of the interaction between eHealth technologies and surveillance practices. The book starts out by presenting a theoretical framework on eHealth and surveillance, followed by an introduction to the various ideas on eHealth and surveillance explored in the subsequent chapters. Issues addressed in the chapters include privacy and data protection, social acceptance of eHealth, cost-effective and innovative healthcare, as well as the privacy aspects of employee wellness programs using eHealth, the use of mobile health app data by insurance companies, advertising industry and law enforcement, and the ethics of Big Data use in healthcare. A closing chapter draws on the previous content to explore the notion that people are ‘under observation’, bringing together two hitherto unrelated streams of scholarship interested in observation: eHealth and surveillance studies. In short, the book represents a first essential step towards cross-fertilization and offers new insights into the legal, ethical and social significance of being ‘under observation’.
|Author by||: Ebru A. Gencer|
Natural disasters are increasingly affecting the world, taking lives unexpectedly and leaving many others injured and homeless. Moreover, disasters disrupt local, national and even global economies, instantly changing the direction of development. In the first half of 2011 alone, 108 natural disasters occurred, killing over 23 thousand people, affecting nearly 44 million others and causing more than 253 billion US dollars of economic damages (CRED 2011,1). Large urban settlements have become increasingly vulnerable to the impacts of natural disasters. The concentration of substandard infrastructure and housing, material assets, and inherent socio-economic inequalities increase vulnerability to disasters in large urban areas, especially in developing countries. The size, number, functions, and geographical distribution of large- and megacities create a special concern for disaster risk. Good urban management practices can be a powerful catalyst for reducing losses from natural disasters, while simultaneously helping to develop a sustainable environment. Yet, the existing situation indicates that sustainable planning and risk management measures are not taken into consideration or may not be put into practice for a variety of financial, political, and social reasons. This book argues that, on one hand, socio-economic disparities resulting from unsustainable urban development can increase vulnerability to natural hazards, and on the other hand, when paired with natural hazards this increased vulnerability can negatively affect urban areas, resulting in further inequality. This book will showcase this argument with theoretical reviews and quantitative analyses on the interplay between sustainable development and disaster vulnerability as well as an in-depth case study of the role of urban planning and risk management practices in creating the socio-economic and spatial vulnerabilities and predicted earthquake risk in the megacity of Istanbul.
|Author by||: Ronald Adler,Lawrence Rosenfeld,Russell Proctor|
|Editor||: Oxford University Press, USA|
With its unique blend of compelling topics and rich pedagogy, the thirteenth edition of Interplay: The Process of Interpersonal Communication offers a perfect balance of theory and application to help students understand and improve their own relationships. Interplay's inviting visual format and rich pedagogy continue to make this text the market leader in Interpersonal Communication. NEW TO THIS EDITION: * Expanded and updated coverage of social media's impact on interpersonal communication, with new material in every chapter * Significantly revised and updated Chapter 2, Culture and Interpersonal Communication * Expanded discussions of various interpersonal contexts in Chapter 10, Communication in Close Relationships: Friends, Family, and Romantic Partners * New discussions of perceptual biases, gender effects on language use, listening styles, facilitative emotions, relational maintenance and social support, and invitational communication * Updated"Media Clip," "Focus on Research," "Dark Side of Communication," and "At Work" boxes in each chapter * New or updated "Assessing Your Communication" features in every chapter * New "Check Your Understanding" summary points at the end of each chapter * New TV and film examples and a corresponding YouTube channel Previous publication dates January 2012, February 2009, March 2006
|Author by||: Oded Goldreich|
|Editor||: Springer Science & Business Media|
Paying witness to the author’s thirty-year career in science, these high-quality papers, some co-written with colleagues, reflect his professional range, covering material from average-case complexity to derandomization and probabilistically checkable proofs.
|Author by||: Sebastian Oberthur,Olav Schram Stokke|
|Editor||: MIT Press|
Experts investigate how states and other actors can improve inter-institutional synergy and examine the complexity of overlapping environmental governance structures. Institutional interaction and complexity are crucial to environmental governance and are quickly becoming dominant themes in the international relations and environmental politics literatures. This book examines international institutional interplay and its consequences, focusing on two important issues: how states and other actors can manage institutional interaction to improve synergy and avoid disruption; and what forces drive the emergence and evolution of institutional complexes, sets of institutions that cogovern particular issue areas. The book, a product of the Institutional Dimensions of Global Environmental Change research project (IDGEC), offers both theoretical and empirical perspectives. Chapters range from analytical overviews to case studies of institutional interaction, interplay management, and regime complexes in areas including climate change, fisheries management, and conservation of biodiversity. Contributors discuss such issues as the complicated management of fragmented multilateral institutions addressing climate change; the possible “chilling effect” on environmental standards from existing commitments; governance niches in Arctic resource protection; the relationships among treaties on conservation and use of plant genetic resources; causal factors in cross-case variation of regime prevalence; and the difficult relationship between the World Trade Organization and multilateral environmental agreements. The book offers a broad overview of research on interplay management and institutional complexes that provides important insights across the field of global environmental governance.
|Author by||: Lauren Parker|
|Editor||: Victoria & Albert Museum|
What constitutes good interactive design and what qualities lie behind the work of the most original designers in this rapidly evolving field? Lauren Parker highlights the latest work of leading practitioners to illustrate what makes web design unusual and interesting. She looks at how designers are playing with the conventions of the format; how the sometimes rocky relationships between art and design and between the individual and the global corporation can bring about innovative outcomes; and how the future of interactive design is being mapped out in the brave new technological world.
Information Adaptation The Interplay Between Shannon Information and Semantic Information in Cognition
|Author by||: Hermann Haken,Juval Portugali|
This monograph demonstrates the interplay between Shannon information and semantic information in cognition. It shows that Shannon’s information acts as driving force for the formation of semantic information; and vice versa, namely, that semantic information participates in the formation of Shannonian information. The authors show that in cognition, Shannonian and semantic information are interrelated as two aspects of a cognitive process termed as information adaptation. In the latter the mind/brain adapts to the environment by the deflating and/or inflating of the information conveyed by the environment. In the process of information adaptation, quantitative variations in Shannon’s information entail different meanings while different meanings affect the quantity of information. The book illustrates the above conceptually and mathematically by reference to three cognitive processes: pattern recognition, face learning and the recognition of a moving object.
|Author by||: Ronald B. Adler,Lawrence B. Rosenfeld,Russell F. Proctor, II|
|Editor||: Oxford University Press, USA|
Packed with contemporary examples, cutting-edge research, and accessible writing, Interplay helps students apply insights from scholarship to everyday life. While highlighting the breadth of interpersonal communication research and theory, Interplay also gives students the practical skills they need to improve their own relationships. This new edition of Interplay is the most contemporary text available. The first chapter highlights masspersonal and multimodal communication, setting the stage for integration of social media and mediated communication throughout the book. Expanded discussions of intersectionality, code-switching, disability studies, and gender and language emphasize the role of culture and identity in shaping interactions. Every chapter is full of updated features, including"Focus on Research" and "Dark Side of Communication" boxes. Students can explore and apply concepts with the viral videos and discussion questions in the new "Watch and Discuss" activities that appear in every chapter. Oxford's easy-to-use Dashboard Online Assessment system now features an integrated eBook, video clips, and interactive assignments-everything you and your students need, all in one place.
|Author by||: Markus Locker|
|Editor||: Wipf and Stock Publishers|
The contributions to the collection Systems Theory and Theology explore the interplay between systems theory, religion and theology, and the symbolic expressions and philosophical foundations of these academic disciplines. This endeavor is rooted in the oeuvre of the late Austrian physicist Alfred Locker (1922-2005), who firmly believed that systems theory would finally emerge, some sixty years after von Bertalanffy's seminal work on General System Theory, as a bridge-building metatheory between the sciences and religion. The essays in this volume show, however, that such conversation transcends the usual form of dialogue among these disciplines. The studies contained in this collection enter into a critical evaluation and reassessment of the dominant postulates of scientific and theological systems and their interaction. Systems Theory and Theology includes treatments of paradoxes (A. Locker), the inner sciences (Zwick), systems of meaning (Krieger), philosophy (Murphy), theology (Sedmak), isomorphies of religious symbols (Zwick), and the bridging of science and religion (M. Locker).
|Author by||: Anita Cloete|
|Editor||: AFRICAN SUN MeDIA|
The relationship between the media and religion in a contemporary world is not only obvious, but also complex. In a culture that increasingly focuses on visual media, film plays a salient role in forging notions of identity and creates a sense of community in younger generations. In this book, an interdisciplinary team of scholars delve deep into the relationship amongst younger individuals from different countries, universities and disciplines, as well the influence of film on their developing worldview. The publication ultimately portrays the media as an agent of cultural and religious change, underscoring the necessity of critical, contextual and interdisciplinary reflection on the interplay between the media and religion.
|Author by||: Mari C. Jones,Edith Esch|
|Editor||: Walter de Gruyter|
This volume focuses on the interface of different motivating factors that contribute to language change. It combines linguistic case studies with current theoretical debate and contains hitherto unpublished data from English, French, Karaim, Modern Greek, Jordanian, Spanish, Latin and Arabic.
|Author by||: Jane Kaye,Susan Gibbons,Catherine Heeney,Andrew Smart|
|Editor||: Bloomsbury Publishing|
Biobanks are proliferating rapidly worldwide because they are powerful tools and organisational structures for undertaking medical research. By linking samples to data on the health of individuals, it is anticipated that biobanks will be used to explore the relationship between genes, environment and lifestyle for many diseases, as well as the potential of individually-tailored drug treatments based on genetic predisposition. However, they also raise considerable challenges for existing legal frameworks and research governance structures. This book critically examines the current governance structures in place for biobanks in England and Wales. It shows that the technologies, techniques and practices involved in biobanking do not always conform neatly to existing legal principles and frameworks that apply to other areas of medical research. Using a socio-legal approach, including interview data gathered from the scientific community, this book provides unique insights and makes recommendations about appropriate governance mechanisms for biobanking in the future. It also explores the issues around the secondary use of information, such as consent and how to protect privacy, when biobanks are accessed by a number of different third parties. These issues have relevance both within England and Wales and to a wide international audience, as well as for other areas where large datasets are used.
|Author by||: Cristina Stasi|
|Editor||: Academic Press|
The Complex Interplay Between Gut–Brain, Gut–Liver, and Liver–Brain Axes provides current and wide-ranging information in the field of gastrointestinal, liver, and brain interactions that can be used in resolving important clinical issues. This book is systematically split into three distinct sections. The first section introduces the pathophysiology of the gut–brain connection, including the causative effect of the interactions between the gut and brain in gastrointestinal and psychiatric/neurological disorders, and the role of serotonin and its pathways in gastrointestinal disorders. The second section examines the pathophysiology of the gut–liver connection along with the interactions between gut microbiota and liver in chronic liver diseases, with special focus on the role of serotonin and its pathways in hepatic fibrogenesis. Finally, the third section describes the pathophysiology of the liver–brain connection, including the role of gut microbiota in hepatic encephalopathy, as well as dietary and therapeutic interventions that target the gut microbiome. Provides current and wide-ranging knowledge in the field of gastrointestinal, liver, and brain interactions. Resolves important clinical issues concerning gut, liver, and brain interactions. Demonstrates advances in the understanding of the pathophysiology of gastrointestinal and liver diseases.
|Author by||: Ellen M. Immergut,Professor of Urban Studies Martin Rein,Michael O'Higgins,Harald Russig|
|Editor||: M.E. Sharpe|
This accessible introductory text discusses how people in a pluralistic society such as ours can accept a common social ethic - a publicly justified morality. It presents analyses of the basic concepts, including justifications of liberty, harm to others, private property rights, distributive justice, environmental harms, help to others and offensive behaviour. Gaus acquaints the reader with the major figures in social philosophy - John Stuart Mill, Jeremy Bentham, Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, David Hume, John Rawls, David Gauthier, and Joel Feinberg - as well as recent communitarian philosophers. The basic technical aspects of social philosophy are also introduced: game theory, social choice theory, the ideas rational action, rational bargaining, and public goods. Throughout, helpful short examples and stories are used to illustrate the material.
|Author by||: Jim King|
This edited volume offers a series of state-of-the-art conceptual papers and empirical research studies which consider how contextual factors at multiple levels dynamically interact with individuals to influence how they go about the complex business of learning and using a second language.
|Author by||: Denis Vieira de Andrade,Catherine R. Bevier,José Eduardo de Carvalho|
|Editor||: CRC Press|
Despite their diversity, amphibians and reptiles share many physiological traits, such as their dependence on external heat sources for body temperature regulation, that are of pivotal importance to their ability to cope with the environment. Considerable variation in physiological capabilities exists in these groups and often can be related to seasonal and geographic differences in environmental parameters. This book provides a comprehensive and integrative view of the interplay between physiology and behavior in amphibians and reptiles, leading to a better understanding of the subject. The book covers topics that have recently been in the spotlight for scientific research on the physiology, behavior, and conservation of amphibians and reptiles. It brings together recent information from a range of disciplines that address critical topics for understanding their biology. As these studies are scattered across articles in specialized journals, this book provides a single and expanded source summarizing such advancements. Amphibian and Reptile Adaptations to the Environment: Interplay Between Physiology and Behavior maintains a solid scientific basis for the biological topics covered. However, it presents the material in a clear and direct manner so that it is accessible even to non-biologists interested in the basic biology, behavior, and ecology of these animals as well as how these elements are connected to their conservation.
|Author by||: Piotr Garbaczewski,Marek Wolf,Aleksander Weron|
The study of chaotic behaviour of dynamical systems has triggered new efforts to reconcile deterministic and stochastic processes as well as classical and quantum physics. New efforts are made to understand complex and unpredictable behaviour. The papers collected in this volume give a broad overview of these activities. Readers will get a glimpse of the growing importance of Lévy processes for physics. They will find new views on fundamental concepts of quantum physics and will see many applications of chaotic and essentially random phenomena to a number of physical problems.
|Author by||: Cynthia Garcia Coll,Elaine L. Bearer,Richard M. Lerner|
|Editor||: Psychology Press|
What does it mean to find a gene or set of genes that are associated with ADHD, schizophrenia, or autism? Could we eradicate such diseases from our species through gene therapy? Is it possible to eradicate from our genome the genetic material that predisposes us to be too aggressive, too shy, less intelligent, or not active enough? Who has the political power and/or moral authority to make these decisions? The premise of Nature and Nurture is that the complexity of the transactions between nature and nurture--between genes and the environment from the cellular to the cultural level--make these questions incredibly complex and in need of careful attention by educators, scientists, the public, and policymakers. A product of the conference held at Brown University in 2001, this book suggests that genes and environments work together interactively in a complex and closely intertwined fashion. The contributors to this book--biologists, psychologists, psychiatrists, and economists--present knowledge that enables research and application to transcend the traditional question of whatever variance or significance is attributed to genetics versus environment in the development of a particular behavioral trait. This book presents a variety of views on the current status of knowledge about the ways in which dynamic, developmental, mutually interactive systems in the genetic and environmental domains operate. The chapters represent contributions from different perspectives.
|Author by||: Norman Toby Simms|
|Editor||: University Press of America|
This is a book about the way different literary traditions and different kinds of cultural discourse interplay and intersect. The author argues that Western civilization has imposed its notions of the literary upon many non-Western cultures. Non-Western cultures that possess oral, rather than written, literary traditions are often looked down upon by Westerners. Points of Contact introduces the reader to the rich oral cultures of the native people of New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, and the South Pacific. Contents: Three Worlds; Goblins on the Shore; Huenum's Trap; On the Margins of Textuality; Civilization as History and Proportion; and Points of Contact.