Critical Thinking

Critical Thinking
Author by: Jonathan Haber
Release: 2020-04-07
Editor: MIT Press
Pages: 232
ISBN: 9780262538282
Language: en
Available :

SUMMARY:

How the concept of critical thinking emerged, how it has been defined, and how critical thinking skills can be taught. Critical thinking is regularly cited as an essential twenty-first century skill, the key to success in school and work. Given our propensity to believe fake news, draw incorrect conclusions, and make decisions based on emotion rather than reason, it might even be said that critical thinking is vital to the survival of a democratic society. But what, exactly, is critical thinking? In this volume in the MIT Press Essential Knowledge series, Jonathan Haber explains how the concept of critical thinking emerged, how it has been defined, and how critical thinking skills can be taught and assessed. Haber describes the term's origins in such disciplines as philosophy, psychology, and science. He examines the components of critical thinking, including structured thinking, language skills, background knowledge, and information literacy, along with such necessary intellectual traits as intellectual humility, empathy, and open-mindedness. He discusses how research has defined critical thinking, how elements of critical thinking have been taught for centuries, and how educators can teach critical thinking skills now. Haber argues that the most important critical thinking issue today is that not enough people are doing enough of it. Fortunately, critical thinking can be taught, practiced, and evaluated. This book offers a guide for teachers, students, and aspiring critical thinkers everywhere, including advice for educational leaders and policy makers on how to make the teaching and learning of critical thinking an educational priority and practical reality.

Critical Thinking The Basics

Critical Thinking  The Basics
Author by: Stuart Hanscomb
Release: 2017-09-19
Editor: Taylor & Francis
Pages: 252
ISBN: 9781317576860
Language: en
Available :

SUMMARY:

Critical Thinking: The Basics is an accessible and engaging introduction to the field of critical thinking, drawing on philosophy, communication and psychology. Emphasising its relevance to decision making (in personal, professional and civic life), academic literacy and personal development, this book supports the reader in understanding and developing the knowledge and skills needed to avoid poor reasoning, reconstruct and evaluate arguments, and engage constructively in dialogues. Topics covered include: the relationship between critical thinking, emotions and the psychology of persuasion the role of character dispositions such as open-mindedness, courage and perseverance argument identification and reconstruction fallacies and argument evaluation. With discussion questions/exercises and suggestions for further reading at the end of each main chapter, this book is an essential read for students approaching the field of critical thinking for the first time, and for the general reader wanting to improving their thinking skills and decision making abilities.

Critical Thinking

Critical Thinking
Author by: Tom Chatfield
Release: 2017-10-23
Editor: SAGE
Pages: 328
ISBN: 9781526418777
Language: en
Available :

SUMMARY:

Do you need to demonstrate a good argument or find more evidence? Are you mystified by your tutor's comment 'critical analysis needed'? What does it really mean to think well - and how do you learn to do it? Critical thinking is a set of techniques. You just need to learn them. So here’s your personal toolkit for demystifying critical engagement. I’ll show you how to sharpen your critical thinking by developing and practicing this set of skills, so you can… Spot an argument and get why reasoning matters Sniff out errors and evaluate evidence Understand and account for bias Become a savvy user of technology Develop clear, confident critical writing. Designed to work seamlessly with a power pack of digital resources and exercises, you'll find practical and effective tools to think and write critically in an information-saturated age. No matter whether you're launching on your first degree or arriving as an international or mature student, Critical Thinking gives you the skills, insights and confidence to succeed. In your critical thinking toolkit Watch the 10 commandments videos – life rules to change how you think Smart Study boxes share excellent tips to whip your work into shape BuzzFeed quizzes to test what (you think) you know Space to scribble! Journal your thoughts, questions, eureka moments as you go Chat more online with #TalkCriticalThinking Lecturers, request your electronic inspection copy here. SAGE Study Skills are essential study guides for students of all levels. From how to write great essays and succeeding at university, to writing your undergraduate dissertation and doing postgraduate research, SAGE Study Skills help you get the best from your time at university. Visit the SAGE Study Skills hub for tips, resources and videos on study success!

Critical Thinking

Critical Thinking
Author by: Tracy Bowell,Gary Kemp
Release: 2002
Editor: Psychology Press
Pages: 275
ISBN: 0415240174
Language: en
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SUMMARY:

A much-needed guide to thinking critically for oneself and how to tell a good argument from a bad one. Includes topical examples from politics, sport, medicine, music, chapter summaries, glossary and exercises.

The Demon Haunted World

The Demon Haunted World
Author by: Carl Sagan
Release: 2011-07-06
Editor: Ballantine Books
Pages: 480
ISBN: 9780307801043
Language: en
Available :

SUMMARY:

A prescient warning of a future we now inhabit, where fake news stories and Internet conspiracy theories play to a disaffected American populace “A glorious book . . . A spirited defense of science . . . From the first page to the last, this book is a manifesto for clear thought.”—Los Angeles Times How can we make intelligent decisions about our increasingly technology-driven lives if we don’t understand the difference between the myths of pseudoscience and the testable hypotheses of science? Pulitzer Prize-winning author and distinguished astronomer Carl Sagan argues that scientific thinking is critical not only to the pursuit of truth but to the very well-being of our democratic institutions. Casting a wide net through history and culture, Sagan examines and authoritatively debunks such celebrated fallacies of the past as witchcraft, faith healing, demons, and UFOs. And yet, disturbingly, in today's so-called information age, pseudoscience is burgeoning with stories of alien abduction, channeling past lives, and communal hallucinations commanding growing attention and respect. As Sagan demonstrates with lucid eloquence, the siren song of unreason is not just a cultural wrong turn but a dangerous plunge into darkness that threatens our most basic freedoms. Praise for The Demon-Haunted World “Powerful . . . A stirring defense of informed rationality. . . Rich in surprising information and beautiful writing.”—The Washington Post Book World “Compelling.”—USA Today “A clear vision of what good science means and why it makes a difference. . . . A testimonial to the power of science and a warning of the dangers of unrestrained credulity.”—The Sciences “Passionate.”—San Francisco Examiner-Chronicle

Teaching Critical Thinking

Teaching Critical Thinking
Author by: bell hooks
Release: 2013-02-01
Editor: Routledge
Pages: 198
ISBN: 9781135263492
Language: en
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SUMMARY:

In Teaching Critical Thinking, renowned cultural critic and progressive educator bell hooks addresses some of the most compelling issues facing teachers in and out of the classroom today. In a series of short, accessible, and enlightening essays, hooks explores the confounding and sometimes controversial topics that teachers and students have urged her to address since the publication of the previous best-selling volumes in her Teaching series, Teaching to Transgress and Teaching Community. The issues are varied and broad, from whether meaningful teaching can take place in a large classroom setting to confronting issues of self-esteem. One professor, for example, asked how black female professors can maintain positive authority in a classroom without being seen through the lens of negative racist, sexist stereotypes. One teacher asked how to handle tears in the classroom, while another wanted to know how to use humor as a tool for learning. Addressing questions of race, gender, and class in this work, hooks discusses the complex balance that allows us to teach, value, and learn from works written by racist and sexist authors. Highlighting the importance of reading, she insists on the primacy of free speech, a democratic education of literacy. Throughout these essays, she celebrates the transformative power of critical thinking. This is provocative, powerful, and joyful intellectual work. It is a must read for anyone who is at all interested in education today.

Thinking from A to Z

Thinking from A to Z
Author by: Freelance Philosopher Podcaster and Writer Nigel Warburton,Nigel Warburton
Release: 2000
Editor: Psychology Press
Pages: 150
ISBN: 041522280X
Language: en
Available :

SUMMARY:

With Thinking from A to Z, Nigel Warburton presents an alphabetically arranged guide to help readers understand the art of arguing.

Critical Thinking

Critical Thinking
Author by: Alec Fisher
Release: 2011-09-22
Editor: Cambridge University Press
Pages: 294
ISBN: 9781107401983
Language: un
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SUMMARY:

This text meets the requirements of the OCR AS specification for critical thinking. Alec Fisher shows students how they can develop a range of creative and critical thinking skills that are transferable to other subjects and contexts.

Critical Thinking

Critical Thinking
Author by: Jennifer Moon
Release: 2007-09-12
Editor: Routledge
Pages: 248
ISBN: 9781134127719
Language: en
Available :

SUMMARY:

In this book, Jennifer Moon explores and clarifies critical thinking and provides practical guidance for improving student learning and supporting the teaching process. Key themes covered include: different views of and approaches to critical thinking with an emphasis on a practical basis that can be translated into use in the classroom. links between learning, thinking and writing the place of critical thinking alongside other academic activities such as reflective learning and argument critical thinking and assessment, class environments, staff knowledge and development, writing tasks and oral tasks. Teachers in all disciplines in post-compulsory education will find this approach to defining and improving students’ critical thinking skills invaluable.

Think Smarter

Think Smarter
Author by: Michael Kallet
Release: 2014-03-18
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
Pages: 240
ISBN: 9781118871256
Language: en
Available :

SUMMARY:

Train your brain for better decisions, problem solving, andinnovation Think Smarter: Critical Thinking to Improve Problem-Solvingand Decision-Making Skills is the comprehensive guide totraining your brain to do more for you. Written by a criticalthinking trainer and coach, the book presents a pragmatic set oftools to apply critical thinking techniques to everyday businessissues. Think Smarter is filled with real world examplesthat demonstrate how the tools work in action, in addition todozens of practice exercises applicable across industries andfunctions, Think Smarter is a versatile resource forindividuals, managers, students, and corporate trainingprograms. Thinking is the foundation of everything you do, but we relylargely on automatic thinking to process information, oftenresulting in misunderstandings and errors. Shifting over tocritical thinking means thinking purposefully using a framework andtoolset, enabling thought processes that lead to better decisions,faster problem solving, and creative innovation. ThinkSmarter provides clear, actionable steps toward improving yourcritical thinking skills, plus exercises that clarify complexconcepts by putting theory into practice. Features include: A comprehensive critical thinking framework Over twenty-five "tools" to help you think more critically Critical thinking implementation for functions andactivities Examples of the real-world use of each tool Learn what questions to ask, how to uncover the real problem tosolve, and mistakes to avoid. Recognize assumptions your can relyon versus those without merit, and train your brain to tick throughyour mental toolbox to arrive at more innovative solutions.Critical thinking is the top skill on the wish list in the businessworld, and sharpening your ability can have profound affectsthroughout all facets of life. Think Smarter: Critical Thinkingto Improve Problem-Solving and Decision-Making Skills providesa roadmap to more effective and productive thought.

Confidence in Critical Thinking

Confidence in Critical Thinking
Author by: Arlene Egan
Release: 2019-03-20
Editor: Routledge
Pages: 196
ISBN: 9781351670241
Language: en
Available :

SUMMARY:

Confidence in Critical Thinking bridges the gap between theory and application for both new and established educators who wish to recognise their own critical-thinking skills, develop them and, in turn, support the development of their learners. By harnessing findings from research on design, engagement, goal setting, coaching, performance and the influence of language, this book: Facilitates educators in moving from thinking about these skills as theoretical concepts to practical application Supports educators in their own personal development Provides practical exercises and ideas for learner skills development Encourages reflection from the educator on their own development. A must-read for those wishing to examine the assumption that critical-thinking development happens to all learners to an equal degree as a natural part of the education process. Confidence in Critical Thinking is for both learners wishing to understand and develop critical-thinking skills and educators wanting to develop their learners’, and their own, critical skills.

Critical Thinking An Introduction to the Basic Skills Canadian Seventh Edition

Critical Thinking  An Introduction to the Basic Skills   Canadian Seventh Edition
Author by: William Hughes,Jonathan Lavery
Release: 2015-05-25
Editor: Broadview Press
Pages: 488
ISBN: 9781460404751
Language: en
Available :

SUMMARY:

Critical Thinking is a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the essential skills of good reasoning, written by Canadian authors for Canadian readers. The book includes a thorough treatment of such central topics as deductive and inductive reasoning, logical fallacies, how to recognize and avoid ambiguity, and how to distinguish what is relevant from what is not. Later chapters discuss the application of critical thinking skills to particular topics and tasks, including scientific reasoning, moral reasoning, media analysis, and essay writing. This seventh edition is revised and updated throughout and includes a new chapter on legal reasoning as well as access to a companion website of additional questions and other useful resources.

Critical Thinking in Young Minds

Critical Thinking in Young Minds
Author by: Victor Quinn
Release: 2018-10-03
Editor: Routledge
Pages: 148
ISBN: 9780429817755
Language: en
Available :

SUMMARY:

How do you protect young minds from the everyday bombardment of "tabloid culture" – the malign cultural influences which are so prevalent in today’s society? Originally published in 1997, stimulating and actively developing children’s philosophical and critical thinking is one answer and an area in which Victor Quinn had enjoyed extraordinary success. Here he conveys to teachers, through successful lesson plans, some of the ideas and techniques that lie behind his achievements, helping them to succeed in this vital area of education. for teachers of early years, primary and early secondary school pupils.

Critical Thinking Skills For Dummies

Critical Thinking Skills For Dummies
Author by: Martin Cohen
Release: 2015-03-18
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
Pages: 376
ISBN: 9781118924730
Language: en
Available :

SUMMARY:

Turbocharge your reasoning with Critical Thinking Just what are the ingredients of a great argument? What is the secret to communicating your ideas clearly and persuasively? And how do you see through sloppy thinking and flim-flam? If you’ve ever asked any of these questions, then this book is for you! These days, strong critical thinking skills provide a vital foundation for academic success, and Critical Thinking Skills For Dummies offers a clear and unintimidating introduction to what can otherwise be a pretty complex topic. Inside, you'll get hands-on, lively, and fun exercises that you can put to work today to improve your arguments and pin down key issues. With this accessible and friendly guide, you'll get plain-English instruction on how to identify other people's assumptions, methodology, and conclusions, evaluate evidence, and interpret texts effectively. You'll also find tips and guidance on reading between the lines, assessing validity – and even advice on when not to apply logic too rigidly! Critical Thinking Skills for Dummies: Provides tools and strategies from a range of disciplines great for developing your reflective thinking skills Offers expert guidance on sound reasoning and textual analysis Shows precisely how to use concept mapping and brainstorming to generate insights Demonstrates how critical thinking skills is a proven path to success as a student Whether you're undertaking reviews, planning research projects or just keen to give your brain a workout, Critical Thinking Skills For Dummies equips you with everything you need to succeed.

Critical Thinking

Critical Thinking
Author by: Richard Paul,Linda Elder
Release: 2020-03-15
Editor: Foundation for Critical Thinking
Pages: 480
ISBN: 9781538139530
Language: en
Available :

SUMMARY:

Critical Thinking, 2nd Edition is about becoming a better thinker in every aspect of your life—as a professional, as a consumer, citizen, friend, or parent. Richard Paul and Linda Elder identify the core skills of effective thinking, then help you analyze your own thought processes so you can systematically identify and overcome your weaknesses.

30 Days to Better Thinking and Better Living Through Critical Thinking

30 Days to Better Thinking and Better Living Through Critical Thinking
Author by: Linda Elder,Richard Paul
Release: 2012-09-21
Editor: FT Press
Pages: 240
ISBN: 9780133092837
Language: en
Available :

SUMMARY:

Better critical thinking can transform your life and help you improve every decision you make! Now, in just 30 days, master specific, easy-to-learn critical thinking techniques that help you cut through lies, gain insight, and make smarter choices in every area of your life -- from work and money to intimate relationships. World-renowned critical thinking experts Dr. Linda Elder and Dr. Richard Paul show how to overcome poor thinking habits caused by self-delusion or out-of-control emotions... clarify what you really want... recognize what you don’t know… ask better questions... resist brainwashing, manipulation, and hypocrisy... critically evaluate what you’re told by advertisers, politicians, your boss, and even your family… avoid worrying, conformism, and blame. Every day, you'll focus on a specific thinking habit, mastering practical strategies for achieving results, tracking your progress, gaining confidence, and getting smarter! Expanded, improved, and easier to use, Discover the Power of Critical Thinking, Revised and Expanded edition offers today's most complete, practical plan for using critical thinking to build a better life. This edition adds five new "days" of critical thinking workouts, delivering even more powerful "life improvement" ideas. Brand-new illustrations and diagrams help you see the direct relevance of critical thinking in your own life, and you'll find a practical new introduction to the authors' Paul-Elder Framework for Critical Thinking, which is now being used by critical thinkers worldwide!

Critical Thinking Skills for Healthcare

Critical Thinking Skills for Healthcare
Author by: Stephanie McKendry
Release: 2015-07-15
Editor: Routledge
Pages: 112
ISBN: 9781317660347
Language: un
Available :

SUMMARY:

Thinking critically is an essential skill, both for students and for the modern, evidence-based, healthcare practitioner. You need to be able to find, understand and evaluate the evidence that underpins your assignments, clinical decision making and practice. The good news is that you use all of these skills in everyday life. You don’t believe every advert you see or respond to every spam email. It’s just a question of taking these critical skills and having the confidence to apply them to your academic work. This book will help you do just that. It will enable you to: - recognise your existing ability to be a critical thinker - spot logical flaws and inconsistencies in arguments - consider health issues from multiple perspectives, weighing up the strengths and weaknesses of a case - build a convincing argument in assessments - develop a range of critical skills for successful study and healthcare practice. Critical Thinking Skills for Healthcare is an essential resource for all health professionals in training.

Teaching for Critical Thinking

Teaching for Critical Thinking
Author by: Stephen D. Brookfield
Release: 2011-10-18
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
Pages: 304
ISBN: 9781118146712
Language: en
Available :

SUMMARY:

praise for previous books by stephen d. brookfield "Award-winning author Stephen Brookfield offers insight,inspiration, and down-to-earth advice to all teachers in settingsas diverse as college, adult education, and secondaryschools—on how to thrive on the unpredictability of classroomlife."—Better Teaching "The author [relates] some of his own personal experiences as aneducator in encouraging critical thinking. His insight and honestyin relating these experiences is valuable andinteresting."—CBE Report "Brookfield's book will serve as an effective focus that canfacilitate faculty in thinking critically about their work, theircommunity, their relationships, not only individually butcollaboratively."—Teaching Sociology "He offers clear, jargon-free, and unpretentious guidance."—Reference & Research Book News "The author is so darned good at finding and highlighting thekey research." —Training "Brookfield illustrates practically his major scholarly interestin this readable, innovative, and perceptive book on collegeteaching."—Choice

Teaching Critical Thinking Skills

Teaching Critical Thinking Skills
Author by: Catherine Delamain,Jill Spring
Release: 2020-10-21
Editor: Routledge
Pages: 134
ISBN: 9781000193541
Language: en
Available :

SUMMARY:

This practical teaching resource has been designed to give children aged 9–12 the basic tools required to challenge some of the conflicting information which they may encounter in everyday life. With increasing exposure to modern information technology and social media, amongst other things, children are increasingly exposed to misleading information that can seriously influence their worldview and self-esteem. The sooner they are helped to approach some of this material with a critical eye, the better they will be able to make independent judgements and resist undue persuasion. Key features of this book include: • Short texts designed to give opportunities for critical examination, created to be points of discussion with individuals, groups or whole classes • Topics covering seven areas of critical thought, ordered in level of difficulty, including finding contradictions, and detecting bias and fake news • Supporting teacher prompts and questions, as well as photocopiable resources without prompts The ability to question and evaluate information is an essential life skill, as well as a key skill for academic learning, yet it remains one of the most challenging aspects of comprehension to teach. This is a vital text for teachers, teaching assistants and other professionals looking to develop critical thinking skills in their students.

Models for Critical Thinking

Models for Critical Thinking
Author by: Albert Rutherford
Release: 2018-10-17
Editor: Independently Published
Pages: 280
ISBN: 1728892244
Language: un
Available :

SUMMARY:

Stay alert and avoid being tricked. Apply logic and analysis to your everyday life. Detect hidden assumptions, spot inconsistencies, and recognize dishonesty. The quality of our lives is determined by the quality of our thinking. And the quality of our thinking is often determined by the quality questions we ask from ourselves. Critical thinking is the art of asking relevant, necessary, and meaningful questions to discover the objective truth behind words, events, and opinions in general. Critical thinking is the ability to think objectively and rationally about a particular situation without letting your emotions hijack you. Like any other skill, critical thinking can be learned through rigorous practice and commitment.Today we have more access to information than ever before. Information influences our worldview and decisions often without us noticing it. Following wrong idols can lead us to bad decisions which lead to unhappiness and a dissatisfying life. When what's "right, beautiful, successful, and cool" gets dictated around us by ads and through "influencers" we often forget to think for ourselves and make our own choices. Thus we make bad decisions based on the opinion of others - not even our own.Models for Critical Thinking provides you with unique insights into the nature of thinking and reasoning - why are we often so wrong, why are we so inclined to avoid the responsibility of thinking for ourselves and how can we develop solid, objective thinking patterns. Models for Critical Thinking lays out: - the function of critical thinking; its main impediments, the social counterfeits of ethics, - the elements of critical reasoning, - important abilities and traits of critical thinkers,- the vocabulary of critical analysis, - and the models essential to critical thinking.The most secure way of making good decisions is to have well-practiced and predictable strategies that you can use when you are faced with a problem that requires deeper analysis. This book will provide you with helpful information and exercises tips, which if you follow, you can find better solutions to your problems. - Learn the essential critical thinking skills when reading, writing, and speaking;- Be on your guard to hidden cognitive traps when shopping and interacting with advertisers. - Find out what tools and strategies can help you become a more disciplined thinker, developing your analytical, reasoning, and reflective thinking skills. Be ready to learn. Be ready to argue intellectually. - Learn to read between the lines, assess the validity of statements.- Identify and separate logical reasoning and illogical reasoning. - Learn how to construct a fair, well-reasoned argument with the help of formal and informal logic. As a physicist and computer scientist, I was always looking for logical, well-founded answers to questions. Yet, I needed to stay open to question my knowledge fairly often, revise my beliefs held, and unlearn some -to that point - objective, universal facts to keep up, and keep my job, in the ever-changing, ever demanding IT industry. Without critical self-analysis, and objective assessment, I couldn't have done it - couldn't have worked in this industry for 30 years. In this book, I share the best knowledge of the best critical thinkers - intertwined with my own - to help you develop this essential skill that the contemporary job market so keenly demands. I will help you create thinking patterns that lead to a critical and more objective understanding of the world.