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|Author by||: Richard Wortley|
Psychological Criminology addresses the question: what is it about individuals and their experiences that cause them to commit crime and/or to become criminal? This book provides a comprehensive coverage of psychological theories of crime and criminality, exploring theories focusing on factors present at birth (human nature, heredity); theories that focus on factors that influence the offender over the lifespan (learning, development); and theories focusing on factors present at the crime scene. It emphasizes the connections among the different approaches, and demonstrates how, taken together rather than as rival explanations, they provide a more complete picture of crime and criminality than each provides individually. Theories are arranged throughout the book in a temporal sequence, from distal to proximal causes of crime. The analysis spans 100,000 years, from the evolutionary roots of criminal behaviour in the ancestral environments of early humans on the African savana, to the decision to engage in a specific criminal act. Key features of the book include: a focus on theory – ‘explaining’ crime and criminality, an integrative approach, accessible to readers who do not have a background in psychology. Psychological Criminology highlights the contributions that psychological theory can make to the broader field of criminology; it will be of interest to students, academics, researchers and practitioners in both criminology and forensic psychology.
|Author by||: Stephan Hurwitz,Karl O. Christiansen|
|Editor||: Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press|
This handbook of criminology appears as the second edition of Stephan Hurwitz's Criminology and is based on the third Danish edition of the authors' Criminology, published in two volumes. Lawyers, psychiatrists, sociologists, as well as all criminologists will find invaluable its open-minded discussion of all the basic theories within the criminological field.
|Author by||: Larry J Siegel,Christopher Ray McCormick|
Criminology in Canada highlights the dynamism and diversity in the field of Criminology, making the field come alive to students. The experienced author team of Larry J. Siegel and Chris McCormick have provided a fair and unbiased introduction to criminological theory and criminal justice policy, providing the facts and tools needed to think critically about key issues in criminology. The text addresses the question of why we behave the way we do. What causes one person to become violent, while another channels his or her energy into work, school, and family? Is behaviour a function of personal characteristics, or of upbringing and experiences? Is it influenced by culture or environment, or is it a combination? The text uses a typology-based approach to discuss these difficult questions. Carefully structured to cover relevant material in a comprehensive, balanced, and objective fashion, the text is a favourite among students and teachers alike. Readers will find their learning experience is enhanced by many engaging study aids and engaging cases. Criminology in Canada, 6th edition has been completely updated to reflect the most recent evolution of crime theory, and to illustrate the dynamic nature of criminology through the inclusion of major research studies, Supreme Court rulings, and governmental policy.
|Author by||: Ian Loader,Richard Sparks|
What is the role and value of criminology in a democratic society? How do, and how should, its practitioners engage with politics and public policy? How can criminology find a voice in an agitated, insecure and intensely mediated world in which crime and punishment loom large in government agendas and public discourse? What collective good do we want criminological enquiry to promote? In addressing these questions, Ian Loader and Richard Sparks offer a sociological account of how criminologists understand their craft and position themselves in relation to social and political controversies about crime, whether as scientific experts, policy advisors, governmental players, social movement theorists, or lonely prophets. They examine the conditions under which these diverse commitments and affiliations arose, and gained or lost credibility and influence. This forms the basis for a timely articulation of the idea that criminology’s overarching public purpose is to contribute to a better politics of crime and its regulation. Public Criminology? offers an original and provocative account of the condition of, and prospects for, criminology which will be of interest not only to those who work in the fields of crime, security and punishment, but to anyone interested in the vexed relationship between social science, public policy and politics.
|Author by||: Michael J. Lynch,Michael A. Long,Paul B. Stretesky,Kimberly L. Barrett|
|Editor||: Univ of California Press|
"This book provides an overview and assessment of green criminology. Based on a political-economic analysis, Green Criminology draws attention to the ways in which the political-economic organization of capitalism causes ecological destruction and disorganization. Focusing on real-world impact, chapters include political-economic examinations of ecological withdrawals, ecological additions, toxic towns, wildlife poaching and trafficking, environmental justice, environmental laws, and nongovernment environmental organizations. The book also explores how ecological footprint, planetary boundary analysis, and other scientific research applies to green criminological analysis"--Provided by publisher.
|Author by||: Lois Presser,Sveinung Sandberg|
|Editor||: NYU Press|
"Foreword : Narrative criminology as the new mainstream / Shadd Maruna -- Introduction : What is the story? / Lois Presser and Sveinung Sandberg -- The rapist and the proper criminal : the exclusion of immoral others as narrative work on the self / Thomas Ugelvik -- In search of respectability : narrative practice in a women's prison in Quito, Ecuador / Jennifer Fleetwood -- Gendered narratives of self, addiction, and recovery among women methamphetamine users / Jody Miller, Kristin Carbone-Lopez, and Mikh V. Gunderman -- Moral habilitation and the new normal : sexual offender narratives of posttreatment community integration / Janice Victor and James B. Waldram -- "The race of pale men should increase and multiply" : religious narratives and Indian removal / Robert M. Keeton -- Meeting the Djinn : stories of drug use, bad trips, and addiction / Sveinung Sandberg and Sébastien Tutenges -- Telling moments : narrative hot spots in accounts of criminal acts / Patricia E. O'Connor -- The shifting narratives of violent offenders / Fiona Brookman -- Narrative criminology and cultural criminology : shared biographies, different lives? / Kester Aspden and Keith J. Hayward -- Narratives of tax evasion : the cultural legitimacy of harmful behavior / Carlo Tognato -- Conclusion : Where to now? / Lois Presser and Sveinung Sandberg."
|Author by||: Katherine S. Williams|
|Editor||: Oxford University Press, USA|
This text offers an engaging and wide-ranging account of crime and criminology. It provides a clear and comprehensive consideration of the theoretical, practical, and political aspects of the subject, including the influence of physical, biological, psychological, and social factors on criminality.
|Author by||: Piers Beirne,James W. Messerschmidt|
|Editor||: Oxford University Press, USA|
"This is a comprehensive introduction to the study of crime and criminological theory for criminology courses. The authors take a critical sociological approach, which emphasizes the relationship between gender, class, race, age, and crime. Definitions of crime and the measurement of crime are subjected to a critical analysis that focusses on the social construction of crime and crime rates. The book addresses historical, feminist, and comparative perspectives highlighting the major types of crime and victimization patterns. It is of most interest to those who teach criminology out of a sociology department, those who are sociologists teaching the course out of CJ, or any instructor for whom a critical approach is key"--
|Author by||: Clive Coleman,Clive Norris|
Criminology, or the study of crime, has developed rapidly as a subject in recent years, while crime and the problem of how to respond to it have become major concerns for society as a whole. This book provides a succinct, highly readable - and much needed - introduction to criminology for those who want to learn more, whether they are already studying the subject, thinking of doing so, or just interested to discover what criminology is about. Introducing Criminology begins by asking basic questions: what is crime? what is criminology?, before examining the ways in which crime has been studied, and looking at the main approaches and schools of thought within criminology and how these have been developed. The authors focus particularly upon attempts to understand and explain crime by the disciplines of psychology and sociology, and consider also the impact of feminist and postmodern thought on the development of the subject. In the second part of the book the authors take three very different topics to illustrate themes raised in the first half of the book, exploring the particular issues raised by each topic, and showing how criminologists have gone about their work.
|Author by||: Eamonn Carrabine,Alexandra Cox,Pamela Cox,Anna Di Ronco,Isabel Crowhurst,Pete Fussey,Nigel South,Anna Sergi,Jackie Turton,Darren Thiel|
Revised edition of Criminology: a sociological introduction, 2014.
|Author by||: Professor of Crime Law and Justice Thomas J Bernard,Jeffrey B. Snipes,Alexander L. Gerould,George B. Vold|
|Editor||: Oxford University Press, USA|
Vold's Theoretical Criminology, first published in 1958, is a true classic in the field. It is almost universally known by scholars in the discipline; many used it during their own educations. The book takes a largely historical approach to the subject of criminological theory, presenting the theories in the rough order in which they gained prominence and providing some historical context. The book concludes with a chapter on evaluating and testing theories and their policy implications.The seventh edition will expand coverage of contemporary theories, including biosocial, cultural, and peacemaking criminology. The authors will also tie the theories more closely to policy and practice by including more real-life examples and discussions of policy implications throughout. New to this edition Includes a new chapter on theory in context.New section on crime in public housing.New section on the "warrior" gene.New section on operation ceasefire.New section on Integrated Systems Theory.
|Author by||: Eamonn Carrabine,Pam Cox,Nigel South,Pete Fussey|
"The third edition of Criminology: A Sociological Introduction offers a comprehensive overview of the study of criminology, from early theoretical perspectives to pressing contemporary issues such as the globalization of crime, crimes against the environment and state crime. New to the third edition is a refreshed focus on the social, political and economic context of crime in the post financial crisis world as well as two separate chapters on terrorism and counter-terrorism and state crime and human rights. New developments in the field, including psychosocial criminology are also reflected upon and considered. This popular textbook offers a challenging and critical approach to the study of criminology and is essential reading for students looking to expand their understanding of crime and the world in which they live. The book is supported by a free companion website featuring a wealth of additional resources including a testbank of questions, assignable exercises and downloadable illustrations for instructors, and links to useful websites and videos, an interactive flashcard glossary and study skills guidance for students. These resources can be accessed at www.routledge.com/cw/carrabine"--Publisher.
|Author by||: J. Robert Lilly,Francis T. Cullen,Richard A. Ball|
The Fourth Edition of this highly successful text moves readers beyond often-mistaken common-sense understandings of crime by providing a rich introduction to how major scholars analyze crime. Criminological Theory: Context and Consequences, Fourth Edition shows the real-world relevance of theory by illuminating how ideas about crime play a prominent role in shaping crime-control policies and compelling students to apply theories to the contemporary milieu.
|Author by||: Walter S Dekeseredy,Molly Dragiewicz|
The main objective of the second edition of the Routledge Handbook of Critical Criminology is twofold: (1) to provide original chapters that cover contemporary critical criminological theoretical offerings generated over the past five years and (2) to provide chapters on important new substantive topics that are currently being studied and theorized by progressive criminologists. Special attention is devoted to new theoretical directions in the field, such as southern criminology, queer criminology, and green criminology. The diverse chapters cover not only cutting-edge theories, but also the variety of research methods used by leading scholars in the field and the rich data generated by their rigorous empirical work. In addition, some of the chapters suggest innovative and realistic short- and long-term policy proposals that are typically ignored by mainstream criminology. These progressive strategies address some of the most pressing social problems facing contemporary society today, which generate much pain and suffering for socially and economically disenfranchised people. The new edition of the Handbook is a major work in redefining areas within the context of international multidisciplinary critical research, and in highlighting emerging areas, such as human trafficking, Internet pornography and image-based sexual abuse. It is specifically designed to be a comprehensive resource for undergraduate and postgraduate students, researchers and policymakers.
|Author by||: Andy Williams|
This text provides an examination of the aetiological development of forensic criminology in the UK. It links the subjects of scientific criminology, criminal investigations, crime scene investigation, forensic science and the legal system and it provides an introduction to the important processes that take place between the crime scene and the courtroom. These processes help identify, define and label the ‘criminal’ and are crucial for understanding any form of crime within society. The book includes sections on: • the epistemological and ontological philosophies of the natural sciences; • the birth of scientific criminology and its search for the criminal ‘body’; • the development of early forms of forensic science and crime scene investigation; • investigating crime; • information, material and evidence; • crime analysis and crime mapping; • scientific support and crime scene examination; and • forensic science and detection methods and forensics in the courtroom. The text combines coverage of historical research and contemporary criminal justice processes and provides an introduction to the most common forensic practices, procedures and uses that enable the identification and successful prosecution of criminals. Forensic Criminology is essential for students of criminology, criminal justice, criminal investigations and crime science. It is also useful to those criminal justice practitioners wishing to gain a more in-depth understanding of the links between criminology, criminal investigations and forensics techniques.
|Author by||: Thomas Bernard,Jeffrey B. Snipes,Alex L. Gerould|
|Editor||: OUP USA|
Vold's Theoretical Criminology, first published in 1958, was the first book of its kind and is considered "the" standard text in criminological theory by just about every measure. Because of this book, "Vold" is a household name amongst criminologists. Each theory is presented accurately and comprehensively within its historical context. Relevant empirical research is reviewed and assessed, and research issues related to theory testing are also discussed.
|Author by||: Hillary Potter|
|Editor||: New Directions in Critical Criminology|
The use of intersectionality theory in the social sciences has proliferated in the past several years, putting forward the argument that the interconnected identities of individuals, and the way these identities are perceived and responded to by others, must be a necessary part of any analysis. Fundamentally, intersectionality claims that not only are people's lived experiences affected by their racial identity and by their gender identity, but that these identities, and others, continually operate together and affect each other. With "official" statistical data that indicate people of Color have higher offending and victimization rates than White people, and with the overrepresentation of men and people of Color in the criminal legal system, new theories are required that address these phenomena and that are devoid of stereotypical or debasing underpinnings. Intersectionality and Criminology provides a comprehensive review of the need for, and use of, intersectionality in the study of crime, criminality, and the criminal legal system. This is essential reading for academics and students researching and studying in the fields of crime, criminal justice, theoretical criminology, and gender, race, and socioeconomic class.
|Author by||: Stanley Cohen|
During the 1960s, traditional thinking about crime and its punishment, deviance and its control, came under radical attack. The discipline of criminology split into feuding factions, and various schools of thought emerged, each with quite different ideas about the nature of the crime problem and its solutions. These differences often took political form, with conservative, liberal, and radical supporters, and the resulting controversies continue to reverberate throughout the fields of criminology and sociology, as well as related areas such as social work, social policy, psychiatry, and law. Stanley Cohen has been at the center of these debates in Britain and the United States. This volume is a selection of his essays, written over the past fifteen years, which contribute to and comment upon the major theoretical conflicts in criminology during this period. Though associated with the "new" or radical criminology, Cohen has always been the first to point out its limitations particularly in translating its theoretical claims into real world applications. His essays cove a wide range of topics-political crime, the nature of individual responsibility, the implications of new theories for social work practice, models of crime used in the Third World, banditry and rebellion, and the decentralization of social control. Also included is a previously unpublished paper on how radical social movements such as feminism deal with criminal law. Many criminology textbooks present particular theories or research findings. This book uniquely reviews the main debates of the last two decades about just what the role and scope of the subject should be.
|Author by||: Eve Waltermaurer,Timothy A. Akers|
Epidemiological criminology is an emerging paradigm which explores the public health outcomes associated with engagement in crime and criminal justice. This book engages with this new theory and practice-based discipline drawing on knowledge from criminology, criminal justice, public health, epidemiology, public policy, and law to illustrate how the merging of epidemiology into the field of criminology allows for the work of both disciplines to be more interdisciplinary, evidence-based, enriched and expansive. This book brings together an innovative group of exemplary researchers and practitioners to discuss applications and provide examples of epidemiological criminology. It is divided into three sections; the first explores the integration of epidemiology and criminology through theory and methods, the second section focuses on special populations in epidemiological criminology research and the role of race, ethnicity, age, gender and space as it plays out in health outcomes among offenders and victims of crime, and the final section explores the role policy and practice plays in worsening and improving the health outcomes among those engaged in the criminal justice system. Epidemiological Criminology is the first text to bring together, in one source, the existing interdisciplinary work of academics and professionals that merge the fields of criminology and criminal justice to public health and epidemiology. It will be of interest to academics and students in the fields of criminology, epidemiology, and public health, as well as clinical psychologists, law and government policy analysts and those working within the criminal justice system.
|Author by||: Tim Newburn|
|Editor||: Oxford University Press|
Crime is big news. From murder to theft to drug gangs, crime and criminal justice affect the lives of millions of people worldwide. Hardly surprisingly, crime has been pushed high up the public policy agenda across the world. But how can we measure crime, or evaluate the effectiveness of preventative measures? Does the threat of prison reduce someone's likelihood of reoffending, or would rehabilitation be more constructive? In this Very Short Introduction Tim Newburn considers how we can study trends in crime and use them to inform preventative policy and criminal justice. Analyzing the history of the subject, he reflects on our understanding of crime and responses to crime in earlier historical periods. Considering trends in crime in the developed world, Newburn discusses its causes, exploring the relationship between drugs and crime, analyzing what we know about why people stop offending, and looking at both formal and informal responses to crime. Newburn concludes by discussing what role criminology can plausibly be anticipated to have in crime control and politics, and what its limits are. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.